Quick quiz: How often do you engage your board of directors in a self-assessment?
It turns out that when it comes to board evaluations, nonprofits fall equally into one of these three buckets. So no matter your quiz answer, you’re not alone.
Perhaps you’d like to join the first group (recommended!) but have faced budget or time constraints up to now. This post blows up roadblocks. When you finish reading it, you’ll understand why these assessments matter, how to convince your board to evaluate themselves, get answers to FAQ questions, and discover three easy and no-cost evaluation tools for in-meeting use.
They improve board performance and more. Evaluation allows board members to see their work and how their efforts spur the organization’s success.
In terms of performance, chief executives rank their boards higher on “all areas of board performance if they regularly access themselves” within two years than those who wait longer and even “more highly than those that never assessed their own performance,” according to Lead with Intent.
Second, assessments provide value because, during the follow-up conversation, execs can recommend actions that serve the board and reduce their burnout, such as reaching out to absent members.
Also, you can design your evaluation to put nagging board questions to rest. For instance, you ask a feedback question about your board’s commitment to a critical decision and discover they’re content, so you remove it from future agendas.
Finally, they’re valuable because most nonprofits underuse board members’ gifts.
Set a goal to evaluate your board yearly. While others recommend reviews at least every two years, since better board performance is valuable, why wait?
That depends. If you and your board seek year-to-year comparisons, reuse the tool. However, most groups benefit from different tools because each focuses on different board service areas, and even similar questions capture different responses.
If you’re easing your board into regular evaluations, I recommend your board rotate the depth of the reviews. For instance, year one conducts an in-depth assessment. In year two, complete a quick review.
Here are several times my clients like to schedule:
Whatever your choice, automatically schedule the next review in twelve months so assessments become a part of your daily operations.
A flood of board assessment tools exists. To find the best, I sought:
This Board Self-Evaluation Questionnaire is from the Nonprofit Sector Leadership Program College of Continuing Education at Dalhousie University in Canada. Its five sections cover the board’s collective behaviors, relationship with the exec, self-evaluation, and chair review.
Besides meeting the criteria above, the Questionnaire is easy to access (just click the link.) You’ll like its positive tone and the space offered for optional questions. Plus, it’s the most comprehensive document in this list.
It feels dated. The scoring system (members total one section at a time) will distract some from the content. It needs tweaking, i.e., strategic plans need need to updates at least every three years.
Board Self-Evaluation Questionnaire
The Board of Directors Self-Assessment Questionnaire is from a Stanford Law School law clinic. It contains four sections. Members examine the board’s structure, information gathering, group dynamics, and several open-ended questions.
This sample document uses tighter language and looks professional, plus the questions focus on evaluating what is going well (a plus.) The first three sections include statements members rank from strongly agree to disagree strongly.
The tool lacks an individual assessment, so your board will not review their individual performance. The tool needs minor alterations unless you work in the Bay area. Finally, no easy way exists to download it.
Board of Directors Self-Assessment Questionnaire
The Governance Effectiveness Quick Check is from Nonprofit Management & Leadership on page 22. The Quick Check is from a more extended research-based tool with 144 items. As the name suggests, questions focus on governance.
Pro: The Quick Check focuses on what most execs want from their boards—more board governance. The tool reminds the board of their work and will generate discussions about their tasks.
Con: The Quick Check is an example of the complete tool in the article. The Governance Self-Assessment Checklist (the complete tool) is available from firstname.lastname@example.org. In its current state, instead of handing out individual copies like the other tools, the Chair might read the item and ask the board to rate it.
The Governance Effectiveness Quick Check
Here’s another tool that fits the criteria from my resources. It was inspired by a graphic that lists the characteristics of an ideal board member: Your 5-Minute Nonprofit Board Evaluation.
Pro: The tool reminds boards of high-value board behaviors and affirms them. It’s speedy and evaluates the board collectively.
Con: Focus only on visible behaviors and creating a conversation about board service. You might, however, ask your board to retake it, considering their personal actions.
Your 5-Minute Nonprofit Board Evaluation
This post focuses on high-quality free tools for rapid in-meeting assessments. If you seek a free in-depth tool, check out McKinsey & Co-Nonprofit Board Self-Assessment Tool Long Form. A lot of fee-based tools exist. If you have a favorite, please list it below. Finally, when it comes to in-depth evaluation, consider engaging a consultant. Here’s more on board work.
Evaluation helps board members to provide more value and get more value from their service and for CEOs to bring out their board’s best. Board assessments belong in every nonprofit’s yearly calendar to increase board effectiveness.
When was the last time you evaluated your board? What tool did you use? When will you review your board next, and why?
Successful nonprofits, i.e., those that get windfall gifts from Mackenzie Scott and other donors, provide consistent mission-driven outcomes. I’ve guided nonprofit execs to implement practices that lead to these results for years. So, if you found this review helpful, you can keep up with me by subscribing to this newsletter, Karen’s CEO Solutions.
Karen Eber Davis provides customized advising and coaching around nonprofit strategy and board development. People leaders hire her to bring clarity to sticky situations, break through barriers that seem insurmountable, and align people for better futures. She is the author of 7 Nonprofit Income Streams and Let's Raise Nonprofit Millions Together.
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